Mapping of a Breast Cancer Tumor Suppressor Gene Locus to a 4-cM Interval on Chromosome 18q21

Jpn J Cancer Res. 1997 Oct;88(10):959-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.1997.tb00315.x.

Abstract

DPC4 and DCC, putative tumor suppressor genes implicated in the genesis of several types of human cancer, lie on the long arm of human chromosome 18. We examined 200 primary breast cancers for allelic losses on chromosome 18, using 15 microsatellite markers distributed along the long arm. Allelic loss was detected most frequently (29-30%) at loci mapped to 18q21. Deletion mapping of the 34 tumors showing partial or interstitial deletions identified a commonly deleted region within the 4-cM interval flanked by D18S474 and D18S487 at 18q21.1-q21.3. Although this interval included the DPC4 and DCC genes, we excluded DPC4 from candidacy when polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of each exon failed to detect abnormalities in any of the 54 breast cancers that exhibited loss of heterozygosity involving 18q. Allelic loss on 18q was found more frequently in tumors of the solid tubular histological type (24 of 55, 44%) than in other types (24 of 113, 21%) (P = 0.0049). The results suggest that a tumor suppressor gene located within the 4-cM region at 18q21, either DCC or another gene not yet identified, may play a role in the development of some sporadic breast cancers, particularly those of the solid tubular type.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / genetics
  • Chromosome Mapping*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18 / genetics*
  • DCC Receptor
  • DNA-Binding Proteins*
  • Female
  • Gene Deletion
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor / genetics*
  • Heterozygote
  • Humans
  • Loss of Heterozygosity
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Smad4 Protein
  • Trans-Activators / genetics
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins*

Substances

  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • DCC Receptor
  • DCC protein, human
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • SMAD4 protein, human
  • Smad4 Protein
  • Trans-Activators
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins