The purpose of this study is twofold. First, it provides a review of the literature supporting the development of a new service to help patients with diabetes and their providers manage their care. This service, automated voice messaging (AVM) with nurse follow-up, allows for systematic and intensive patient monitoring and diabetes education as well as a means of focusing clinical resources where they are most needed. Second, it provides a description of a prototype AVM-based diabetes management service that has been developed as part of two ongoing, randomized, controlled trials to test the efficacy of AVM care for patients with Type 2 diabetes. Preliminary findings from implementing this service in two large public healthcare systems suggest that AVM-supported care is feasible, desirable by clinicians and patients with diabetes, and may identify serious health problems that otherwise would go unnoted through standard means of clinic-based patient care.