Think-aloud approaches to cognitive assessment and the articulated thoughts in simulated situations paradigm

J Consult Clin Psychol. 1997 Dec;65(6):950-8. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.65.6.950.


In addition to widely used endorsement methods, one way to get at people's thoughts is to have them verbalize while engaged in a task or situation. The articulated thoughts in simulated situations (ATSS) paradigm is a think-aloud approach to cognitive assessment that has several advantages: an unstructured production response format, on-line rather than retrospective assessment, situational specificity and control, and flexibility of situation and cognitions. The authors review experiments that have examined articulated thoughts in clinically relevant contexts. ATSS does have certain limitations and further research into its psychometric properties is needed, but it seems promising as a versatile and adaptable method of cognitive assessment, especially when little is known of the cognitive terrain of interest.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy*
  • Humans
  • Personality Assessment / statistics & numerical data*
  • Psychometrics
  • Psychopathology
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Social Environment*
  • Thinking*
  • Verbal Behavior*