ER5, a tomato cDNA encoding an ethylene-responsive LEA-like protein: characterization and expression in response to drought, ABA and wounding

Plant Mol Biol. 1997 Dec;35(6):847-54. doi: 10.1023/a:1005860302313.


We report the isolation by differential display of a novel tomato ethylene-responsive cDNA, designated ER5. RT-PCR analysis of ER5 expression revealed an early (15 min) and transient induction by ethylene in tomato fruit, leaves and roots. ER5 mRNA accumulated during 2 h of ethylene treatment and thereafter underwent a dramatic decline leading to undetectable expression after 5 h of treatment. The full-length cDNA clone of 748 bp was obtained and DNA sequence analysis showed strong homologies to members of the atypical hydrophobic group of the LEA protein family. The predicted amino acid sequence shows 67%, 64%, 64%, and 61% sequence identity with the tomato Lemmi9, soybean D95-4, cotton Lea14-A, and resurrection plant pcC27-45 gene products, respectively. As with the other members of this group, ER5 encodes a predominantly hydrophobic protein. Prolonged drought stress stimulates ER5 expression in leaves and roots, while ABA induction of this ethylene-responsive clone is confined to the leaves. The use of 1-MCP, an inhibitor of ethylene action, indicates that the drought induction of ER5 is ethylene-mediated in tomato roots. Finally, wounding stimulates ER5 mRNA accumulation in leaves and roots. Among the Lea gene family this novel clone is the first to display an ethylene-regulated expression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abscisic Acid / pharmacology*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Southern
  • DNA, Complementary / biosynthesis
  • DNA, Complementary / chemistry*
  • DNA, Complementary / isolation & purification
  • Ethylenes / pharmacology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / drug effects*
  • Lycopersicon esculentum / drug effects
  • Lycopersicon esculentum / genetics*
  • Lycopersicon esculentum / physiology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plant Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Plant Proteins / chemistry
  • Plant Proteins / genetics*
  • RNA, Plant / isolation & purification
  • Transcription, Genetic / drug effects
  • Water


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Ethylenes
  • Plant Proteins
  • RNA, Plant
  • late embryogenesis abundant protein, plant
  • Water
  • Abscisic Acid
  • ethylene

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U77719