Monofilament intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion in the mouse

Neurol Res. 1997 Dec;19(6):641-8. doi: 10.1080/01616412.1997.11740874.


The rat middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion model with an intraluminal filament is well characterized with a two hour period of occlusion in widespread use. The recent availability of transgenic animals has led to an interest in adapting the MCA model in the mouse. To date the model has not been well characterized in the mouse. We performed the present study to compare different durations of MCA occlusion and to validate new functional assessments in this model. The MCA occlusion model (5-0 filament) was used. Swiss-Webster mice, 24-44 g, were randomly assigned to four groups: one hour of occlusion; two hours of occlusion; three hours of occlusion; or permanent occlusion. At 48 hours post-ischemia, the animals were rated on three neurologic function scales, and then the brains were removed for lesion size determination. Overall, there was a significant difference in lesion volume (p < 0.001) between the groups. In the permanent group of mice, the average lesion volume was 78.41 +/- 17.47 mm (n = 12); two and three hours of ischemia produced 51.29 +/- 29.82 mm3 (n = 11) and 54.85 mm3 (n = 13), respectively, significantly different than the one hour group 14.84 +/- 31.34 mm3 (n = 11). All three functional scoring systems found significant overall differences between the four groups with our detailed General and Focal scores producing more robust between group treatment differences and showing correlation coefficients of r = 0.766 and r = 0.788, respectively to infarct volume. The MCA filament occlusion model can be successfully adapted in the mouse with either two or three hour occlusions producing reliable infarcts. New functional scoring systems unique to the mouse appear to add additional information.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Brain / physiopathology
  • Cerebral Arteries*
  • Cerebral Infarction / pathology*
  • Cerebral Infarction / physiopathology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Gait
  • Ischemic Attack, Transient / pathology
  • Ischemic Attack, Transient / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Motor Activity
  • Rats
  • Reperfusion
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Species Specificity
  • Stereotyped Behavior
  • Time Factors