Mitomycin-C in congenital glaucoma

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers. 1997 Dec;28(12):979-85.


Background and objective: To evaluate the adjunctive use of mitomycin-C (MMC) during trabeculotomy and trabeculectomy for eyes with high-risk congenital glaucoma.

Patients and methods: A prospective, randomized, double-blind study was performed to compare the effect of a single, 4-minute intraoperative exposure to 0.2 mg/ml (group 1) or 0.4 mg/ml (group 2) of MMC on trabeculotomy with trabeculectomy in 16 high-risk cases (30 eyes) of congenital glaucoma.

Results: The preoperative and final postoperative intraocular pressures (IOPs) of the two groups did not differ significantly. At the final follow-up, IOP control (< 21 mm Hg) without medications was achieved in 60% of the eyes in group 1 and in 86.67% of the eyes in group 2 (P = 21). With medication, IOP control was achieved in 86.7% of the eyes of each group. In both groups, the rate of surgical failure was 13.3%. Avascular, thin, sharply demarcated blebs were noted in 33.3% of the eyes from group 1 and in 66.67% of those from group 2 (P = .14). Intraoperative and postoperative hyphema and postoperative hypotony were the complications encountered in both groups, whereas serous choroidal detachment and wound leakage were seen only in group 2.

Conclusions: Intraoperative MMC applied at a concentration of 0.2 mg/ml controlled postoperative IOP as effectively as a 0.4-mg/ml concentration in high-risk cases of congenital glaucoma, but with a lower incidence of complications and thin-walled blebs.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Topical
  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage*
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glaucoma / congenital*
  • Glaucoma / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intraocular Pressure / drug effects
  • Male
  • Mitomycin / administration & dosage*
  • Ophthalmic Solutions
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control
  • Prospective Studies
  • Trabeculectomy*


  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
  • Ophthalmic Solutions
  • Mitomycin