Choroidal osteoma

Int Ophthalmol Clin. 1997 Fall;37(4):171-82. doi: 10.1097/00004397-199703740-00015.


The choroidal osteoma is a benign, ossifying tumor of the choroid that typically is found in young, healthy women in the second or third decade of life. Its pathogenesis is unknown. This tumor is clinically unilateral in 75% of cases and tends to be located in the juxtapapillary region. Choroidal neovascularization may occur in up to one-third of cases. The choroidal osteoma must be differentiated from other intraocular tumors as well as cases of dystrophic and metastatic calcification. Ultrasonography and computed tomography may help in the diagnosis by demonstrating a calcified plaque at the level of the choroid. Fluorescein angiography and ICG videoangiography may demonstrate choroidal neovascularization, which may be amenable to treatment by laser photocoagulation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bone Neoplasms / etiology
  • Bone Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Bone Neoplasms / therapy
  • Choroid / blood supply
  • Choroid Neoplasms / etiology
  • Choroid Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Choroid Neoplasms / therapy
  • Coloring Agents
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Humans
  • Indocyanine Green
  • Laser Coagulation
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology
  • Osteoma / etiology
  • Osteoma / pathology*
  • Osteoma / therapy
  • Retinal Hemorrhage / pathology
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed


  • Coloring Agents
  • Indocyanine Green