Regulation of the G1 phase of the cell cycle by periodic stabilization and degradation of the p25rum1 CDK inhibitor

EMBO J. 1998 Jan 15;17(2):482-97. doi: 10.1093/emboj/17.2.482.


In fission yeast, the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p25(rum1) is a key regulator of progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle. We show here that p25(rum1) protein levels are sharply periodic. p25(rum1) begins to accumulate at anaphase, persists in G1 and is destroyed during S phase. p25(rum1 )is stabilized and polyubiquitinated in a mutant defective in the 26S proteasome, suggesting that its degradation normally occurs through the ubiquitin-dependent 26S proteasome pathway. Phosphorylation of p25(rum1 )by cdc2-cyclin complexes at residues T58 and T62 is important to target the protein for degradation. Mutation of one or both of these residues to alanine causes stabilization of p25(rum1) and induces a cell cycle delay in G1 and polyploidization due to occasional re-initiation of DNA replication before mitosis. The CDK-cyclin complex cdc2-cig1, which is insensitive to p25(rum1 )inhibition, seems to be the main kinase that phosphorylates p25(rum1). Phosphorylation of p25(rum1) in S phase and G2 serves as the trigger for p25(rum1) proteolysis. Thus, periodic accumulation and degradation of the CDK inhibitor p25(rum1 )in G1 plays a role in setting a threshold of cyclin levels important in determining the length of the pre-Start G1 phase and in ensuring the correct order of cell cycle events.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • CDC2 Protein Kinase / physiology
  • Cell Cycle / physiology
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Cyclins / metabolism*
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases / metabolism
  • Flavodoxin*
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • G1 Phase / physiology*
  • Multienzyme Complexes / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
  • Schizosaccharomyces
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins*
  • Ubiquitins / metabolism


  • Cyclins
  • Flavodoxin
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • OBR1 protein, S pombe
  • Rum1 protein, S pombe
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • Ubiquitins
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex