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, 9 (4), 265-70

Effects of Gastrin-Releasing Peptide (GRP) on the Mechanical Activity of the Human Ileocaecal Region in Vitro

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Effects of Gastrin-Releasing Peptide (GRP) on the Mechanical Activity of the Human Ileocaecal Region in Vitro

B Vadokas et al. Neurogastroenterol Motil.

Abstract

Mechanical activity was recorded in muscle preparations isolated from the human ileocaecal region. Gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP, 10(-9)-10(-7) mol L-1) produced two types of response in the different muscle layers. Longitudinally cut strips showed a concentration-dependent increase in the rhythmic activity, whereas the circularly orientated layers generally reacted with a small decrease in tone. These effects could not be influenced by blockade of adrenergic or cholinergic receptors or nerve blockade with tetrodotoxin (TTX). Application of pentagastrin did not mimic the action of GRP. These findings suggest a direct action of GRP on smooth muscle via distinct receptors which have already been demonstrated to exist in human gastrointestinal tract. The opposite effects on circular and longitudinal strips might indicate a modulatory role of GRP in the control of ileocolonic transit.

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