Pseudo-exfoliation syndrome in Chivi District: a disease with no geographical or racial boundaries

Cent Afr J Med. 1997 Aug;43(8):229-31.

Abstract

Objective: To report on the high prevalence of pseudo-exfoliation syndrome and to suggest its possible link with glaucoma in Black Zimbabweans.

Design: Cross sectional.

Setting: Chivi District.

Subjects: A simple random sample of 148 blind people selected from a sampling frame of 886 blind people in Chivi district.

Main outcome measures: Prevalence of pseudo-exfoliation syndrome.

Results: Pseudo-exfoliation was found among people between 55 and 90 years old. Of the sampled population 7.4% had PXS. Out of 17 eyes, cataracts were found in 12, glaucoma in eight, and spontaneous dislocated lenses in two.

Conclusion: Pseudo-exfoliation is not rare in Chivi district and further research is needed to establish if it may be associated with glaucoma among Black Zimbabweans.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • African Continental Ancestry Group*
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blindness / epidemiology*
  • Cataract / epidemiology*
  • Comorbidity
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Exfoliation Syndrome / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Sampling Studies
  • Vision Screening
  • Zimbabwe / epidemiology