Effect of glyceryl trinitrate on the sphincter of Oddi spasm evoked by prostigmine-morphine administration

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1997 Nov;9(11):1109-12. doi: 10.1097/00042737-199711000-00015.

Abstract

Objective: In this study the effect of glyceryl trinitrate on the prostigmine-morphine-induced sphincter of Oddi spasm was evaluated in nine female patients with sphincter of Oddi dyskinesia.

Method: Sphincter of Oddi spasm was induced by prostigmine-morphine administration (0.5 mg prostigmine intramuscularly and 10 mg morphine subcutaneously) and visualized by quantitative hepatobiliary scintigraphy. The entire procedure was repeated during glyceryl trinitrate infusion (Nitrolingual 1 microg/kg/min for 120 min).

Results: Prostigmine-morphine provocation caused significant increases in the time to peak activity (Tmax) over the hepatic hilum (HH: 34.33 +/- 5.05 vs. 22.77 +/- 3.26) and the common bile duct (CBD: 60.44 +/- 5.99 vs. 40.0 +/- 2.88) and in the half-time of excretion (T1/2) over the liver parenchyma (LP: 120.04 +/- 16.01 vs. 27.37 +/- 2.19), HH (117.61 +/- 14.71 vs. 31.85 +/- 3.99) and CBD (158.11 +/- 9.18 vs. 40.1 +/- 6.24), indicating a complete spasm at the level of the sphincter of Oddi. Glyceryl trinitrate infusion completely normalized the prostigmine-morphine-induced alterations in these quantitative parameters (TmaX over the LP: 11.33 +/- 1.13; over the HH: 18.88 +/- 1.48; and over the CBD: 36.22 +/- 1.92; and T1/2 over the LP: 28.21 +/- 1.83; over the HH: 33.42 +/- 3.10; and over the CBD: 41.66 +/- 6.33), suggesting an effective sphincter-relaxing effect of glyceryl trinitrate.

Conclusion: These results provide the first evidence of the effectiveness of glyceryl trinitrate on the morphine-induced sphincter of Oddi spasm in humans. Since glyceryl trinitrate is able to overcome even the drastic effect of morphine, it might be of relevance in the treatment of sphincter of Oddi dyskinesia.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Analgesics, Opioid / administration & dosage
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases / analysis
  • Biliary Tract / diagnostic imaging
  • Biliary Tract / physiology
  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors / administration & dosage
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intramuscular
  • Injections, Subcutaneous
  • Middle Aged
  • Morphine / administration & dosage*
  • Neostigmine / administration & dosage*
  • Nitroglycerin / pharmacology*
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Spasm / chemically induced
  • Spasm / drug therapy*
  • Sphincter of Oddi / diagnostic imaging
  • Sphincter of Oddi / drug effects*
  • Vasodilator Agents / pharmacology

Substances

  • Analgesics, Opioid
  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Neostigmine
  • Morphine
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases
  • Nitroglycerin