Objectives: To assess the possible relationship between the metabolic disposition of pantoprazole and genetically determined S-mephenytoin 4'-hydroxylation phenotype and genotype.
Methods: The pharmacokinetic disposition of pantoprazole was investigated in 14 Japanese male volunteers (seven extensive and seven poor metabolizers of S-mephenytoin). All subjects received a single 40 mg oral dose of pantoprazole as the enteric-coated formulation.
Results: An interphenotypic difference in the metabolic disposition of pantoprazole was observed: the mean values for area under the concentration-time curve (AUC), elimination half-life (t1/2), and apparent oral clearance were significantly (p < 0.01) greater, longer, and lower, respectively, in the poor metabolizers than in the extensive metabolizers. The mean AUC of pantoprazole sulfone was greater (p < 0.01) in the poor metabolizers than in the extensive metabolizers, whereas the mean AUC of the main demethylated metabolite (M2) was lower (p < 0.01) in the poor metabolizers than in the extensive metabolizers. A significant negative correlation was observed between the individual values for log10% urinary excretion of 4'-hydroxymephenytoin and AUC of pantoprazole (rs = -0.816; p < 0.005). The CYP2C19 genotyping test results were found to be in a complete accordance with the phenotypes.
Conclusion: These data indicated that the metabolic disposition of pantoprazole is under the pharmacogenetic control of S-mephenytoin 4'-hydroxylase (CYP2C19).