Objective: Since development of a living donor bilateral lobar transplantation protocol for patients with cystic fibrosis, our indications have expanded to include recipients with other diagnoses.
Methods: We report on our experience in eight patients with primary pulmonary hypertension, postchemotherapy pulmonary fibrosis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and obliterative bronchiolitis. The average age of the eight patients was 19.1 years (range 9 to 40). The mean preoperative carbon dioxide tension for the four patients who did not have primary pulmonary hypertension was 92 mm Hg (range 64 to 120 mm Hg), and the two patients with pulmonary fibrosis were intubated (one on high-frequency jet ventilation). Each recipient received a right lower lobe (n = 7) or middle lobe (n = 1) and a left lower lobe (n = 8) from a total of 16 donors representing various combinations of the recipient's family (n = 15) and an unrelated friend (n = 1).
Results: With an average follow-up of 1 year the overall survival is 75%. For the five patients followed up for at least 1 year, mean forced vital capacity was 80.6%, forced expiratory volume in 1 second was 75.6%, mid-forced expiratory flow was 64%, and diffusing lung capacity corrected for alveolar volume was 73% of predicted. For those patients with primary pulmonary hypertension, preoperative hemodynamics revealed mean pressures as follows: blood pressure 84.8 mm Hg, right atrial pressure 7.8 mm Hg, pulmonary artery pressure 71.3 mm Hg, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure 9.5 mm Hg, cardiac index 2.9 L/min per square meter, and pulmonary vascular resistance index 22.8 Wood units. Postoperative hemodynamics revealed a mean blood pressure of 84.3 mm Hg, right atrial pressure of 2.7 mm Hg, pulmonary artery pressure of 16 mm Hg, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure of 7.3 mm Hg, cardiac index of 4.2 L/min per square meter, and pulmonary vascular resistance index of 1.9 Wood units.
Conclusions: Early results of living-donor bilateral lobar transplantation for diseases other than cystic fibrosis have resulted in satisfactory survival and pulmonary function. Additionally, patients with severe primary pulmonary hypertension have had dramatic normalization of their hemodynamics despite the limited amount of lung tissue transplanted. We believe that the data from this small cohort experience compares favorably with our larger series with cystic fibrosis and supports an expanded role for living-donor lobar transplantation in patients with alternate indications.