BNP gene expression is specifically modulated by stretch and ET-1 in a new model of isolated rat atria

Am J Physiol. 1997 Dec;273(6):H2678-86. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.1997.273.6.H2678.


We have assessed the effects of stretch or endothelin-1 (ET-1) on atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) secretion and gene expression using a new model of isolated right atria from the rat. This model allows for comparatively long-term in vitro study of adult tissue while retaining the anatomic conformation of the atrium. Stretch and ET-1 resulted in a transient stimulation of ANF and BNP secretion, with an initially larger proportional increase in ANF release. Stretch and ET-1 induced a marked increase in BNP gene expression after 1.5 and 4 h, respectively; the increase in BNP mRNA levels was maintained throughout the 8-h experimental period. Stretch and ET-1 also stimulated c-myc and Egr-1 mRNA levels, two markers of mechanical and receptor-mediated transcriptional activation. The selective response of BNP gene to stretch and ET-1 and the distinct responses of ANF and BNP secretion indicate that the atrial cardiocytes have the capability to individually regulate the synthesis of its endocrine products. This suggests that each hormone plays a specific role in the response of the heart to hemodynamic or neuroendocrine imbalances.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor / biosynthesis
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Early Growth Response Protein 1
  • Endothelin-1 / pharmacology*
  • Heart / drug effects
  • Heart / physiology*
  • Heart Atria
  • Immediate-Early Proteins*
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Myocardial Contraction / physiology*
  • Myocardium / metabolism*
  • Myocardium / ultrastructure
  • Natriuretic Peptide, Brain
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / biosynthesis
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Transcription Factors / biosynthesis
  • Transcription, Genetic / drug effects
  • Transcription, Genetic / physiology*
  • Transcriptional Activation


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Early Growth Response Protein 1
  • Egr1 protein, rat
  • Endothelin-1
  • Immediate-Early Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Transcription Factors
  • Natriuretic Peptide, Brain
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor