Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of topical mitomycin C in treating conjunctival and corneal epithelial dysplasia and neoplasia.
Methods: Seven eyes of seven patients with conjunctival and corneal epithelial dysplasia and neoplasia were treated with one drop of topical mitomycin C 0.04% four times a day for 7 days in alternate weeks. The patients' charts were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with either multiple recurrences or extensive ocular surface involvement were treated. In all eyes, the diagnosis of epithelial dysplasia or neoplasia was confirmed by histopathology before the onset of therapy. Patients were examined at least every 14 days during treatment and examined at intervals after completion of treatment.
Results: With topical mitomycin C, six eyes of seven patients had complete clinical regression of their conjunctival and corneal epithelial dysplasia and neoplasia. One eye of one patient had partial clinical regression of conjunctival and corneal epithelial dysplasia. Follow-up after completion of topical mitomycin C therapy and excision of residual disease ranged from 2 to 16 months (mean, 9 months; SD, 4.3 months) and was without clinical sign of recurrence. Topical mitomycin C therapy was associated with transitory ocular discomfort, conjunctival injection, tearing, photophobia, and punctate epithelial keratopathy.
Conclusion: In this small series of eyes, topical mitomycin C was effective as a treatment for conjunctival and corneal epithelial dysplasia and neoplasia.