Curcumin inhibits IL1 alpha and TNF-alpha induction of AP-1 and NF-kB DNA-binding activity in bone marrow stromal cells

Hematopathol Mol Hematol. 1997;11(1):49-62.


We have previously demonstrated that anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compound curcumin (diferuloyl-methane) inhibits the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1/JE) in bone marrow stromal cells by suppressing the transcriptional activity of the MCP-1/JE gene. Since both AP-1 (TRE) and NF-kB (kB) binding motifs are present in the promoter of MCP-1/JE gene, we examined the effect of curcumin on IL1 alpha- and TNF-alpha-induced activation of ubiquitous transcription factors AP-1 and NF-kB by electrophoretic mobility shift assay and Western blotting. IL1 alpha and TNF-alpha rapidly induced both AP-1 and NF-kB DNA binding activities in +/+(-)1.LDA11 stromal cells. However, treatment of these cells with curcumin blocked the activation of AP-1 and NF-kB by both cytokines. These data suggest that inhibition of MCP-1/JE transcription by curcumin involves blocking of AP-1 and NF-kB activation by IL1 alpha or TNF-alpha.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Curcumin / pharmacology*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Drug Interactions
  • Interleukin-1 / pharmacology*
  • Mice
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism*
  • Stromal Cells / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factor AP-1 / metabolism*
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Interleukin-1
  • NF-kappa B
  • Transcription Factor AP-1
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Curcumin