Molecular analysis of mutations in the CSB (ERCC6) gene in patients with Cockayne syndrome

Am J Hum Genet. 1998 Jan;62(1):77-85. doi: 10.1086/301686.

Abstract

Cockayne syndrome is a multisystem sun-sensitive genetic disorder associated with a specific defect in the ability to perform transcription-coupled repair of active genes after UV irradiation. Two complementation groups (CS-A and CS-B) have been identified, and 80% of patients have been assigned to the CS-B complementation group. We have analyzed the sites of the mutations in the CSB gene in 16 patients, to determine the spectrum of mutations in this gene and to see whether the nature of the mutation correlates with the type and severity of the clinical symptoms. In nine of the patients, the mutations resulted in truncated products in both alleles, whereas, in the other seven, at least one allele contained a single amino acid change. The latter mutations were confined to the C-terminal two-thirds of the protein and were shown to be inactivating by their failure to restore UV-irradiation resistance to hamster UV61 cells, which are known to be defective in the CSB gene. Neither the site nor the nature of the mutation correlated with the severity of the clinical features. Severe truncations were found in different patients with either classical or early-onset forms of the disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Amino Acids
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cockayne Syndrome / genetics*
  • Cricetinae
  • DNA Helicases / genetics*
  • DNA Repair Enzymes
  • DNA Repair*
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Humans
  • Mutagenesis
  • Mutation*
  • Phenotype
  • Poly-ADP-Ribose Binding Proteins
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • RNA / analysis
  • Ultraviolet Rays

Substances

  • Amino Acids
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Poly-ADP-Ribose Binding Proteins
  • RNA
  • DNA Helicases
  • ERCC6 protein, human
  • DNA Repair Enzymes