Integrated pest management: historical perspectives and contemporary developments

Annu Rev Entomol. 1998:43:243-70. doi: 10.1146/annurev.ento.43.1.243.


Twenty five years after its first enunciation, IPM is recognized as one of the most robust constructs to arise in the agricultural sciences during the second half of the twentieth century. The history of IPM, however, can be traced back to the late 1800s when ecology was identified as the foundation for scientific plant protection. That history, since the advent of modern organosynthetic pesticides, acquired elements of drama, intrigue, jealousy, and controversy that mark the path of many great scientific or technological achievements. Evolution of IPM followed multiple paths in several countries and reached beyond the confines of entomological sciences. Time and space constraints, however, bias this review toward entomology, among the plant protection sciences, and give it an obvious US slant, despite the global impact of IPM.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Ecology
  • Forecasting
  • Insect Control / methods*
  • Insect Control / trends
  • United States