The GDS/FAST staging system

Int Psychogeriatr. 1997;9 Suppl 1:167-71. doi: 10.1017/s1041610297004869.


Staging methodologies are an essential tool in the assessment of disease severity in progressive dementing illness. Several different instruments have been developed for this purpose. One of the most widely used methodologies is the Global Deterioration Scale/Functional Assessment Staging (GDS/FAST) system. This system has been studied extensively and proven to be reliable and valid for staging dementia in Alzheimer's disease (AD) in diverse settings. One of the major advantages of this system is that it spans, demarcates, and describes the entire course of normal aging and progressive AD until the final substages of the disease process. Other advantages include: (a) greatly enhanced ability to track the longitudinal course of AD, (b) improved clinicopathologic observations of AD interrelationships, and (c) enhanced diagnostic, differential diagnostic, and prognostic information. This article presents a brief overview of the GDS/FAST staging system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alzheimer Disease / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Severity of Illness Index