A 15-year-old boy with neuroblastoma associated with Poland syndrome is presented. He was admitted with a 2-month history of progressive back pain and a 3-day history of weakness of the lower extremities, encopresis and enuresis. On physical examination, in addition to paraplegia, absence of the pectoralis major muscle was diagnosed on the right side of his chest. A large heterogeneous mass in the right side of the thorax was revealed on computerized tomography. Neuroblastoma was diagnosed on histopathological analysis of the mass. To the authors' knowledge this is the first case of neuroblastoma associated with Poland syndrome in the literature.