Zoonotic tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis in developing countries

Emerg Infect Dis. Jan-Mar 1998;4(1):59-70. doi: 10.3201/eid0401.980108.


The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that human tuberculosis (TB) incidence and deaths for 1990 to 1999 will be 88 million and 30 million, respectively, with most cases in developing countries. Zoonotic TB (caused by Mycobacterium bovis) is present in animals in most developing countries where surveillance and control activities are often inadequate or unavailable; therefore, many epidemiologic and public health aspects of infection remain largely unknown. We review available information on zoonotic TB in developing countries, analyze risk factors that may play a role in the disease, review recent WHO activities, and recommend actions to assess the magnitude of the problem and control the disease in humans and animals.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Developing Countries*
  • Humans
  • Mycobacterium bovis*
  • Population
  • Risk Factors
  • Tuberculosis / diagnosis
  • Tuberculosis / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis / prevention & control
  • Tuberculosis / veterinary*
  • Zoonoses / epidemiology*