A cluster of aromatic residues in the sixth membrane-spanning segment of the dopamine D2 receptor is accessible in the binding-site crevice

Biochemistry. 1998 Jan 27;37(4):998-1006. doi: 10.1021/bi972241y.


The binding site of the dopamine D2 receptor, like that of other homologous G protein-coupled receptors, is contained within a water-accessible crevice formed among its seven membrane-spanning segments. Using the substituted-cysteine accessibility method, we previously mapped the residues in the third, fifth, and seventh membrane-spanning segments that contribute to the surface of this binding-site crevice. We have now mutated to cysteine, one at a time, 22 consecutive residues in the sixth membrane-spanning segment (M6) and expressed the mutant receptors in HEK 293 cells. Ten of these mutants reacted with charged, hydrophilic, lipophobic, sulfhydryl-specific reagents, added extracellularly, and all but one were protected from reaction by a reversible dopamine antagonist, sulpiride. Thus, we infer that the side chains of the residues at the reactive loci (V378, F382, W386, P388, F389, F390, T392, H393, I394, and I397) are on the water-accessible surface of the binding-site crevice. The pattern of accessibility is consistent with an alpha-helical conformation with a wide angle of accessibility near the binding site itself and a narrower stripe continuing toward the cytoplasmic portion of the binding-site crevice. This pattern of accessibility is consistent with the presence of a proline kink which could bend the extracellular portion of M6 into the binding-site crevice where it would be more broadly accessible than the cytoplasmic portion of the membrane-spanning segment. Four highly conserved aromatic residues and a histidine are clustered together on the water-accessible surface of the binding-site crevice. They define an interconnected "aromatic cluster" that may be involved in ligand binding and receptor activation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acids, Cyclic / genetics
  • Amino Acids, Cyclic / metabolism
  • Binding Sites
  • Dopamine Agonists / metabolism
  • Dopamine Antagonists / metabolism
  • Ethyl Methanesulfonate / analogs & derivatives
  • Ethyl Methanesulfonate / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2 / chemistry
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2 / genetics
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2 / metabolism*
  • Spiperone / analogs & derivatives
  • Spiperone / metabolism
  • Sulpiride / metabolism


  • Amino Acids, Cyclic
  • Dopamine Agonists
  • Dopamine Antagonists
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2
  • methanethiosulfonate ethylammonium
  • Spiperone
  • Sulpiride
  • 3-N-methylspiperone
  • Ethyl Methanesulfonate