Anti-asialo GM1 serum (AGM1) reduces natural killer (NK) activity in vitro and in vivo. We investigated the effect of ingestion of sugar beet fiber (SBF) on 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and whether the effect was maintained under NK-reducing conditions by AGM1 injection. The ingestion of SBF decreased the number of ACF in the colorectum at 4 weeks after treatment with DMH. Dietary SBF had a suppressive effect on the formation of ACF regardless of the administration of AGM1. These results suggest that the suppressive effect created by the ingestion of SBF may overwhelm the effect of AGM1 treatment on ACF formation.