Joanette and Goulet (Neuropsychologia, 1986, 24, 875-879) reported that right-handed patients suffering from a right-hemisphere stroke were impaired on semantic but not on orthographic criteria when they were submitted to a word fluency task. The interpretation of this dissociation was that the right hemisphere would subtend a particular contribution to the semantic component of word processing in right handers. The goal of the research reported here was to challenge this dissociation. In contrast with the first study, the production criteria were presented randomly and their level of productivity was a controlled factor. The semantic-orthographic dissociation was not replicated under these conditions.