Ethnicity and cancer outcomes: behavioral and psychosocial considerations

Psychol Bull. 1998 Jan;123(1):47-70. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.123.1.47.


Cancer has been the subject of thousands of behavioral and psychosocial studies. The literature has focused largely on non-Hispanic Whites, despite the fact that cancer outcomes vary by ethnicity. This article provides a review of those studies that do consider the relations between ethnicity and cancer-related adherence behaviors, survival, and quality of life. The authors propose a mediational framework that links ethnicity and cancer outcomes through socioeconomic status, knowledge and attitudes, and access to medical care. They use this framework to organize the literature and to develop recommendations for future research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ethnicity / psychology
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Health Services Accessibility*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening
  • Neoplasms / ethnology*
  • Quality of Life
  • Survival Rate
  • United States / epidemiology