Multilevel models and health economics

Health Econ. 1997 Nov-Dec;6(6):561-75. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1099-1050(199711)6:6<561::aid-hec288>;2-x.


Multilevel analyses have become an accepted statistical technique in the field of education where over the past decade or so the methods have been developed to explore the relationships between pupil characteristics and the characteristics of the schools they attend. More recently, widespread use has extended to other social sciences and health research. However, to date, little use has been made of these techniques within the health economics literature. This paper presents an introductory account of multilevel models and describes some of the areas of health economics research that may benefit from their use.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Health Services Research / economics*
  • Health Services Research / methods
  • Humans
  • Least-Squares Analysis
  • Linear Models*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Econometric*
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Software
  • State Medicine / economics
  • United Kingdom