Reported burning mouth symptoms among middle-aged and elderly women

Eur J Oral Sci. 1997 Dec;105(6):539-43. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0722.1997.tb00214.x.


The aims of this investigation were to assess the prevalence of burning mouth symptoms (BM) in a representative population of Swedish middle-aged and elderly women (n=1017) and its relation to general and oral health status. BM was reported by 4.6% (n=47), and 85% of the BM subjects had experienced BM for more than 6 months. A stepwise multiple logistic regression with BM/non-BM as dependent variable showed that 7 covariates were found to be predictive of BM. These variables were medication with antihypertensives, sedatives and female sex hormones. Moreover, headache, tinnitus, dry mouth, and reduced chewing ability were included in the final model.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Burning Mouth Syndrome / epidemiology*
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Erythrocyte Indices
  • Estrogen Replacement Therapy
  • Estrogens / therapeutic use
  • Facial Pain / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Folic Acid Deficiency / epidemiology
  • Forecasting
  • Headache / epidemiology
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives / therapeutic use
  • Iron Deficiencies
  • Logistic Models
  • Mastication
  • Middle Aged
  • Odds Ratio
  • Oral Health
  • Prevalence
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Tinnitus / epidemiology
  • Vitamin B 12 Deficiency / epidemiology
  • Xerostomia / epidemiology


  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Estrogens
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives