Until recently, most studies on the synaptic-cellular basis of learning and memory concentrated on the activity-dependent changes occurring in principal cells such as hippocampal pyramidal cells and dentate granule cells. However, the ability of the inhibitory interneurons to regulate synaptic plasticity remains less understood. This study tested the hypothesis that the gamma-aminobutyric-acid (GABA)-mediated inhibitory neurotransmission is enhanced in mice that show no detectable long-term potentiation in the dentate gyrus in the absence of the GABAA receptor antagonist bicuculline. Patch clamp recordings were made from dentate granule cells in brain slices from wild-type and Thy-1 knockout (KO) mice. The frequency, amplitude and kinetics of miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents (mIPSCs, generated by the action potential-independent release of GABA) was not different between animals. However, bursts of spontaneous IPSCs (sIPSCs, generated by both action potential-independent and -dependent GABA release) in KO mice were associated with larger synaptic charge transfers and increased durations. When pairs of IPSCs were evoked at varying intervals, the amplitude of the second response with respect to the first was significantly larger in KO animals. These results further support the concept that enhancement of interneuronal functions in cortical structures can have profound effects on the activity-dependent synaptic plasticity observed in principal cells.