Background and objective: The authors conducted a 3-year randomized trial to compare silicone intraocular lenses (IOLs) with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) IOLs, to determine any differences in laser capsulotomy rates, capsular opacification light scatter, and subjective scoring.
Patients and methods: A total of 119 patients were enrolled, 84 of whom were examined at 3 years. The authors designed a prospective, masked, and randomized trial to compare the objective (lens opacity meter), subjective (slit-lamp scoring), and clinical parameters of the posterior capsular opacification (PCO) of these patients.
Results: The silicone group had less PCO than the PMMA group, according to objective (8.6% vs. 10.4%; P = .02, Student's t test) and subjective scoring (0.88 vs. 1.79; P = .0001, Student's t test). The laser capsulotomy rate was 24% for the silicone group and 33% for the PMMA group; however, this difference was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: The silicone IOL was associated with less PCO than the PMMA IOL.