A study of ocular morbidity among elderly population in a rural area of central India

Indian J Ophthalmol. 1997 Mar;45(1):61-5.

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted in five randomly selected villages in Wardha district of Maharashtra state to study the magnitude and factors related to the prevalence of ocular diseases among the elderly population. A total of 903 persons above 50 years were screened. The prevalence of low vision was 32% while that of blindness was 12.2%. Ocular morbidity rate was 1.21 lesions per elderly person and it increased significantly with increasing age (p < 0.001). Ocular diseases were found to be more prevalent among males, low socio-economic status group and landless labourers (p < 0.001). There was a high prevalence of refractive errors (40.8%), cataract (40.4%), aphakia (11.1%) followed by pterygium (5.2%), glaucoma (3.1%) and corneal opacities (3%). Prevalence of diseases of the lens and iris increased significantly with increasing age (p < 0.001). There is a need to evolve strategies for reducing the burden of ocular diseases and improve geriatric eye health under the existing infrastructure of health care delivery in our country.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Eye Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Morbidity
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Rural Population
  • Social Class