Effects of lignocaine on dispersion of repolarisation and refractoriness in a working rabbit heart model of regional myocardial ischaemia

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1998 Feb;31(2):253-61. doi: 10.1097/00005344-199802000-00011.


The aims of this study were to establish a working rabbit heart model of regional myocardial ischaemia in which electrophysiologic parameters and arrhythmogenesis could be correlated and to explore the mechanisms underlying the antiarrhythmic activity of lignocaine. Monophasic action-potential duration (MAPD90), effective refractory period (ERP), and conduction delay were measured at three ventricular sites in isolated hearts paced at 3.3 Hz. The hearts were treated before and throughout 30 min of ischaemia and 15 min of reperfusion with a vehicle or 20 microM lignocaine. In both groups, ischaemia produced a similar shortening in MAPD90. Lignocaine decreased ERP shortening during ischaemia from -56+/-4 to -32+/-6 ms. An ischaemia-induced increase in conduction delay was greater in the lignocaine than the control group (49+/-7 vs. 11+/-2 ms). Ischaemia-induced dispersion of repolarisation was reduced by lignocaine from 66+/-4 to 32+/-7 ms, and dispersion of refractoriness was decreased from 57+/-6 to 16+/-3 ms. Lignocaine decreased inducibility of ventricular fibrillation (VF) during ischaemia from 86 to 25%. We conclude that, in this model, the antiarrhythmic activity of lignocaine during regional ischaemia is associated with an increase in ischaemia-induced conduction delay and reduced dispersion of repolarisation and refractoriness.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials / drug effects
  • Animals
  • Anti-Arrhythmia Agents / pharmacology*
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / physiopathology
  • Electrophysiology
  • Heart Conduction System / drug effects
  • Heart Ventricles / anatomy & histology
  • Heart Ventricles / drug effects*
  • Hemodynamics / drug effects
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Lidocaine / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Myocardial Ischemia / physiopathology*
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury / physiopathology
  • Organ Size / drug effects
  • Rabbits


  • Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
  • Lidocaine