The injured ankle

Am Fam Physician. 1998 Feb 1;57(3):474-80.


Ankle injuries are common presenting complaints in both emergency departments and family physicians' offices. Approximately 1 million ankle injuries occur annually in the United States; most of them are sprains resulting from inversion injuries. Treatment options differ according to the grade of injury--grade I and grade II sprains usually respond to rest and immobilization, while grade III sprains require casting or, possibly, surgery. A chronic "ankle" injury should prompt evaluation for other conditions, such as talar dome lesion. Most ankle injuries can be treated adequately in the family physician's office, although some of the more serious injuries should be referred to an orthopedic specialist for further evaluation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Ankle Injuries* / diagnostic imaging
  • Ankle Injuries* / pathology
  • Ankle Injuries* / therapy
  • Chronic Disease
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Radiography
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sprains and Strains* / diagnostic imaging
  • Sprains and Strains* / pathology
  • Sprains and Strains* / therapy