Effects of the civil war in central Mozambique and evaluation of the intervention of the International Committee of the Red Cross

J Trop Pediatr. 1997 Dec;43(6):318-23. doi: 10.1093/tropej/43.6.318.


In October 1994, a retrospective study of mortality of children was conducted in Maringué, a district of central Mozambique. Estimates based on maternity histories of 1503 women aged 15-60 years revealed complex changes in the under-5 death rate. During the colonial period (1955-1974), mortality declined from 373 to 270 per 1000. During the civil war period (1975-1991), mortality increased rapidly to reach a peak of 473 per 1000 in 1986. It declined again thereafter and reached a plateau of 380 in 1991. A health intervention conducted by the International Red Cross Committee since 1992 further reduced mortality to 269 per 1000 in 1994. Most of the 1992-1994 decline was attributable to vaccinations, in particular measles and tetanus immunizations, and to Vitamin A supplementation.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cause of Death*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Developing Countries
  • Female
  • Fertility
  • Health Education / organization & administration
  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Mortality*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Middle Aged
  • Mozambique / epidemiology
  • Program Evaluation
  • Red Cross / organization & administration*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Warfare*