Fluconazole: comparison of pharmacokinetics, therapy and in vitro susceptibility

Mycoses. 1997 Nov;40(7-8):259-65. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0507.1997.tb00230.x.

Abstract

Fluconazole shows good penetration into the tissues and body fluids examined and a rapid equilibrium is achieved between the concentrations in the various compartments. The pharmacokinetics of fluconazole after intravenous or oral administration are proportional to the dose. This finding, together with the slow elimination of the triazole (t1/2 30 h), makes it easier to forecast the therapeutically effective dosage. Measurements of fluconazole concentration in blood can be used to predict levels in some tissues (lung, brain, gynaecological samples), body fluids (sputum, saliva, vaginal secretions) or exudates. Concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid and vitreous humour of the eye reach approximately 80% of the levels found in blood. A very high proportion of fluconazole is excreted unchanged in the urine, where concentrations of the drug are 10-20-fold higher than in blood. Whilst this pharmacokinetic profile is valuable in the treatment of fungal infections of the urinary tract, it also means that the dosage may need to be decreased in patients with renal impairment. The susceptibility of fungi to fluconazole in vitro and in vivo correlates well with the concentrations of the drug measured in various compartments of the body.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacokinetics*
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology
  • Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use
  • Candidiasis / drug therapy
  • Cryptococcosis / drug therapy
  • Fluconazole / pharmacokinetics*
  • Fluconazole / pharmacology
  • Fluconazole / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Mycoses / drug therapy*

Substances

  • Antifungal Agents
  • Fluconazole