Objective: To investigate the effect of chronic captopril and enalapril treatment on zinc metabolism in hypertensive patients by assessing zinc levels in serum, urine and monocytes.
Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed essential hypertension were randomly divided into two treatment groups: those treated with captopril only (n = 16) and those treated with enalapril only (n = 18). Ten healthy subjects served as controls. Prior to the start of treatment and again 6 months later, zinc was assessed in the serum, in urine collected over 24 hours, and in peripheral blood monocytes.
Results: Significant enhancement of 24-hour urinary zinc excretion (micrograms/24 hour) after 6 months of treatment was observed only in the captopril-treated group (p < 0.01). However, intramonocytic zinc levels decreased significantly in both of the treated groups over the same period (p < 0.01 and P < 0.04 in the captopril- and enalapril-treated groups, respectively).
Conclusion: Treatment of hypertensive patients with captopril or enalapril may result in zinc deficiency.