FISH and molecular studies of autosomal supernumerary marker chromosomes excluding those derived from chromosome 15: II. Review of the literature

Am J Med Genet. 1998 Feb 3;75(4):367-81.


Using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), supernumerary marker chromosomes (SMC) from all the human autosomes except chromosome 5, have now been described, most being derived from the acrocentric autosomes. This review summarizes the results of 168 cases of autosomal SMC excluding those from chromosome 15 where FISH has been used to define the chromosomal origin of the SMC and from which phenotypic information is available. Although the number of reported cases from some of the chromosomal SMC groups remains small, the pooled data suggest that the risk of an abnormal phenotype associated with a randomly ascertained de novo SMC derived from the acrocentric autosomes (excluding 15s) is approximately 7% compared with approximately 28% for SMCs derived from the nonacrocentric autosomes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Aberrations / genetics*
  • Chromosome Disorders
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 / genetics*
  • Genetic Markers / genetics*
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence*
  • Karyotyping
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype


  • Genetic Markers