Detailed deletion mapping of chromosome 6q has shown that the highest percentage of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) is located at 6q25-q27 and suggested that an ovarian cancer associated tumor suppressor gene may reside in this region. To further define the smallest region of common loss, we used 12 tandem repeat markers spanning a region no more than 18 cM, located between 6q25.1 and 6q26, to examine allelic loss in 54 fresh and paraffin embedded invasive ovarian epithelial tumor tissues. Loss of heterozygosity was observed more frequently at the loci defined by marker D6S473 (14 of 32 informative cases, 44%) and marker D6S448 (17 of 40 informative cases, 43%). Detailed mapping of chromosome 6q25-q26 in these tumor samples identified a 4 cM minimal region of LOH between markers D6S473 and D6S448 (6q25.1-q25.2). Loss of heterozygosity at D6S473 correlated significantly both with serous versus non-serous ovarian tumors (P=0.040) and with high grade versus low grade specimens (P=0.023). The results suggest that a 4 cM deletion unit located at 6q25.1-q25.2 may contain the putative tumor suppressor gene which may play a role in the development and progression of human invasive epithelial ovarian carcinomas (IEOC).