Violence during pregnancy: measurement issues

Am J Public Health. 1998 Feb;88(2):274-6. doi: 10.2105/ajph.88.2.274.


Objectives: Standardized quantitative methods are needed to study occurrence and timing of violence in relation to pregnancy and to study the context in which pregnancy-related violence occurs.

Methods: Data from three published studies of prevalence of violence during pregnancy are used to illustrate ways to measure the association of violence in relation to pregnancy.

Results: Four patterns of violence in relation to pregnancy are identified, and related research issues are discussed. Also, 2 population-based surveys that address the suggestions presented here are discussed.

Conclusions: Better measurement of the association between violence and pregnancy will facilitate development of data-based prevention and intervention programs.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Battered Women / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Prevalence
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Violence / prevention & control
  • Violence / statistics & numerical data*