Approaching the management of the neonatal intensive care unit graduate through history and physical assessment

Pediatr Clin North Am. 1998 Feb;45(1):79-105. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(05)70584-8.


NICU graduates, often ex-premature infants, offer unusual challenges to the primary care provider. History and physical assessment require an organized approach with meticulous attention to detail. These infants are at high risk for multiple problems including growth delays, nutrition and feeding problems, pulmonary sequelae, neurological sequelae and developmental delays, vision and hearing disturbances, as well as abnormalities in parent-infant bonding. This article emphasizes particular aspects of the history and physical examination that signify pathophysiology and sequelae common to the NICU graduate.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia / diagnosis
  • Central Nervous System Diseases / diagnosis
  • Child Development*
  • Growth
  • Hearing Tests
  • Humans
  • Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intensive Care, Neonatal*
  • Patient Discharge*
  • Physical Examination*
  • Vision Tests