The operative approach and findings of 250 osteoplastic frontal sinusotomy operations performed from 1956 through 1972 at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary are reviewed. Indications for surgery were symptomatic and/or complicated disease of the frontal sinus, including primary chronic sinusitis and osteoma or trauma with or without associated infection. Immediate postoperative complications were minor. Follow-up of at least three years was obtained in 83% of the patients, and 93% of these have no significant symptoms to date. A distressing problem of persistent postoperative frontal pain is discussed in detail. Revision surgery has been performed in 6% of patients due to recurrent frontal sinus infection. The reasons for failure are anlyzed, and recommendations are made to minimize the possibility of recurrence.