[TNM classification--pediatric tumors]

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 1998 Feb;25(3):431-41.
[Article in Japanese]


The clinical and postsurgical TNM classifications (cTNM and pTNM) for neuroblastoma (NB), nephroblastoma (WT) and soft tissue sarcomas were presented in 1982 by the TNM Committee in UICC in collaboration with SIOP. The Japanese TNM Committee proposed new pTNM systems (J-pTNM) for NB and WT, and new cTNM and pTNM system for primary liver carcinoma in infants and children (HT). These pTNMs were based on the staging systems developed by the Malignant Tumor Committee of the Japanese Society of Pediatric Surgeons. The proposal of subdivision of M category in NB was presented for testing the new telescopic ramifications of TNM. The TNM for HT was added as a new classification recommended for testing. The effectiveness of these TNM systems was assessed using NB, WT and hepatoblastoma (HB) cases which were registered in collaborating institutes. The analyses suggested that pTNM, especially the J-pTNM system in NB, WT and HT were effective for the assessment of prognoses, although cTNM systems were not enough to assess the extent of the disease.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Hepatoblastoma / classification*
  • Hepatoblastoma / pathology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Kidney Neoplasms / classification*
  • Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • Liver Neoplasms / classification*
  • Liver Neoplasms / pathology
  • Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • Neuroblastoma / classification*
  • Neuroblastoma / pathology
  • Wilms Tumor / classification*
  • Wilms Tumor / pathology