Systemic autoimmune disease as a consequence of defective lymphocyte death

Curr Opin Immunol. 1997 Dec;9(6):826-30. doi: 10.1016/s0952-7915(97)80185-9.


A major group of systemic autoimmune diseases is associated with abnormal lymphoproliferation, as a result of defects in the termination of lymphocyte activation and growth. Recent progress has been made in understanding the causes and consequences of these abnormalities. At the molecular level, the defects in CD95 and its ligand are only the most obvious reasons for the breakdown of 'clonal contraction' which in fact requires the participation of multiple gene products, including the IL-2-IL-2-receptor system, to set up a functional apoptotic machinery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / immunology*
  • Autoimmune Diseases / immunology*
  • Autoimmune Diseases / pathology
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-2 / immunology
  • Receptors, Interleukin-2 / immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes / pathology
  • fas Receptor / immunology


  • Interleukin-2
  • Receptors, Interleukin-2
  • fas Receptor