Regulation of distinct steps of angiogenesis by different angiogenic molecules

Int J Oncol. 1998 Apr;12(4):749-57. doi: 10.3892/ijo.12.4.749.


This study was designed to determine the relative activity of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor/vascular permeability factor (VEGF/VPF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor (PD-ECGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in regulating endothelial cell division, migration, degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM), morphogenesis, and survival. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were treated with different concentrations of the six cytokines. bFGF was the most potent mitogen followed by VEGF/VPF and PD-ECGF. VEGF/VPF and bFGF also enhanced the survival of the endothelial cells in serum-free medium. Interstitial collagenase (MMP-1) and urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) were significantly upregulated only by bFGF. HGF, bFGF, and VEGF/VPF induced chemotactic migration of the endothelial cells, but only HGF (scatter factor) enhanced nondirectional motility. The organization of endothelial cells to form tubes on Matrigel was induced by bFGF and, to a lesser extent, by VEGF/VPF and IL-8. Permeability across endothelial cell monolayers was induced only by VEGF/VPF. These data demonstrate that different angiogenic molecules differentially regulate distinct steps in the process of angiogenesis, suggesting that any given molecule may be necessary but in itself insufficient for establishment of a viable vasculature.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Angiogenesis Inducing Agents / pharmacology*
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cell Movement / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytokines / pharmacology*
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / pharmacology
  • Endothelium, Vascular / cytology
  • Endothelium, Vascular / drug effects
  • Endothelium, Vascular / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lymphokines / pharmacology
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic / drug effects*
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors


  • Angiogenesis Inducing Agents
  • Cytokines
  • Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Lymphokines
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors