Vascularized double-sided preputial island flap with W flap glanuloplasty for hypospadias repair

Plast Reconstr Surg. 1998 Mar;101(3):751-5. doi: 10.1097/00006534-199803000-00026.


Hypospadias surgery is one of the most challenging surgical interventions that still need further refinements for increased success rates. During the last 5 years, we operated on 26 mid-penile or proximal hypospadias cases by using vascularized double-sided preputial island flap and W flap glanuloplasty to achieve superior functional and aesthetic results. Follow-up period of the patients revealed a 92.3 percent success rate with a single operation. Two cases developed fistula, which was located at the proximal anastomosis site. However, they were repaired in a second sitting without any additional problem. The basic aim in hypospadias surgery is the correction of chordee, reconstruction of urethra, and sufficient ventral penile skin coverage in one stage with minimal complication. The use of vascularized tissue for urethral reconstruction and ventral coverage is believed to have a superior healing capacity with better functional and cosmetic outcome. On the other hand, adding W flap glanuloplasty to this technique avoids the risk of meatal stenosis. We conclude that by combining the two above-mentioned techniques, it is possible to cope better with this devastating congenital deformity.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anastomosis, Surgical / adverse effects
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Esthetics
  • Fistula / etiology
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hypospadias / physiopathology
  • Hypospadias / surgery*
  • Male
  • Penile Diseases / etiology
  • Penis / physiopathology
  • Penis / surgery*
  • Reoperation
  • Risk Factors
  • Skin Transplantation / adverse effects
  • Skin Transplantation / methods*
  • Skin Transplantation / pathology
  • Surgical Flaps* / adverse effects
  • Surgical Flaps* / blood supply
  • Suture Techniques
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urethra / surgery
  • Urethral Stricture / prevention & control
  • Wound Healing