Endogenous BDNF protein is increased in adult rat hippocampus after a kainic acid induced excitotoxic insult but exogenous BDNF is not neuroprotective

Exp Neurol. 1998 Feb;149(2):398-410. doi: 10.1006/exnr.1997.6737.


Systemic administration of the excitotoxin kainic acid to adult rats results in a well defined pattern of loss of the CA1 and CA3 pyramidal neurons of the hippocampus. Prior to this neuronal loss, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA is substantially increased. We show here that BDNF protein is increased after excitotoxic insult in specific areas of the hippocampus, reaching maximal levels 24 h after the insult. BDNF protein levels in the hippocampus increase in direct relation to the severity of seizure. Up to 7 days after injection of kainic acid, levels of full-length TrkB protein were unchanged, whereas levels of truncated TrkB protein were significantly increased by 12 h. To determine whether elevations in BDNF protein levels are potentially beneficial to hippocampal neurons exposed to an excitotoxic stress, we infused exogenous BDNF prior to and during the period of neuronal death caused by kainic acid. We find that administration of high levels of exogenous BDNF does not affect severity of seizure, but does in fact, exacerbate the injury caused by kainic acid, specifically to CA3 pyramidal neurons. Although there was a trend toward sparing of CA1 pyramidal neurons on the side infused with BDNF, this was not significant. In the same paradigm, infusion of exogenous NT-3 had no effect.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor / biosynthesis*
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor / pharmacology*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Gene Expression Regulation* / drug effects
  • Hippocampus / drug effects
  • Hippocampus / metabolism*
  • Hippocampus / pathology
  • Kainic Acid / toxicity*
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Nerve Growth Factors / biosynthesis
  • Neuroprotective Agents
  • Neurotoxins / toxicity
  • Neurotrophin 3
  • Pyramidal Cells / drug effects
  • Pyramidal Cells / metabolism
  • Pyramidal Cells / pathology*
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • Receptor, Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor
  • Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor / metabolism
  • Seizures / chemically induced
  • Seizures / pathology
  • Seizures / physiopathology
  • Time Factors
  • Transcription, Genetic / drug effects


  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
  • Nerve Growth Factors
  • Neuroprotective Agents
  • Neurotoxins
  • Neurotrophin 3
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptor, Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor
  • Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Kainic Acid