How do general practitioners manage rectal bleeding?

Aust Fam Physician. Jan-Feb 1998;27(1-2):78-82.


Objective: To determine how general practitioners (GPs) in northern Tasmania manage rectal bleeding in terms of examination, referral, and patient investigation and estimate the value of early diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC).

Method: Self reported postal questionnaire survey sent to 100 randomly selected GPs in northern Tasmania.

Results: Sixty-eight per cent of GPs responded. The clinical action proposed by GPs varied considerably according to patient age and type of rectal bleeding. The proportion of GPs who would refer a patient to a specialist varied from 15 to 100% depending on the specific scenario. Responses were not consistent with the available consensus guidelines and evidence. Most GPs believed that early diagnosis of CRC through screening and the early detection of rectal bleeding improved outcomes. However, fewer than half the respondents believed that there were clear guidelines about the management of a patient with rectal bleeding, emphasising the need for evidence-based guidelines which are effectively disseminated and clinically evaluated. Rural GPs indicated that distance from specialist investigation and referral centres would influence patient management.

Conclusions: There is a wide variation in the way GPs manage rectal bleeding and inconsistent knowledge about the existence of guidelines for managing rectal bleeding. Evidence-based education about the management of this common clinical problem, which is effectively disseminated and clinically evaluated, would seem appropriate.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Family Practice*
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'*
  • Rectum
  • Referral and Consultation / statistics & numerical data
  • Tasmania