Detection of p53 point mutations by double-gradient, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis

Electrophoresis. 1997 Dec;18(15):2921-7. doi: 10.1002/elps.1150181533.


Genetic instability is a typical feature of tumor cells. This evidence has stimulated the development of rapid methods for detection of gene mutations. A new, improved protocol for denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), to screen for point mutations in genomic DNA, is reported: double gradient (DG) DGGE. In this technique, to the primary, denaturing gradient (typically 30-80% or 40-80% urea/formamide) a secondary gradient, colinear with the first, is superimposed: a porosity gradient (typically 6.5-12% polyacrylamide). The secondary gradient acts by recompacting smeared and diffuse bands of heteroduplexes, which are often indistinguishable from background fluorescence, and by augmenting the resolution between closely spaced homoduplex zones. This allows proper densitometric quantitation of the ratio of the two homoduplex bands. The reliability of this technique has been documented by detection of a number of mutations in exons 6 and 8 of the p53 gene which had escaped revelation by single-strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) analysis. Additionally, the precise assessment of ratio of the doublet of homoduplex bands has allowed quantitation of the extent of p53 mutation in a mixed cell population extracted from a tumor specimen.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel / methods*
  • Ethidium
  • Female
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Genes, p53*
  • Genome, Human
  • Humans
  • Nucleic Acid Denaturation
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics
  • Point Mutation*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational
  • Porosity
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Ethidium