Dietary intake of middle-aged men from an East and a West German city after the German reunification: do differences still exist?

Eur J Clin Nutr. 1998 Feb;52(2):98-103. doi: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600521.


Objective: To compare the diets of men from East and West Germany after the reunification under the new food market conditions in the East.

Design: Both dietary surveys were part of the third MONICA surveys in population based random samples.

Setting: City of Erfurt in the Federal State of Thuringia, East Germany (dietary survey in 1991/92) and city of Augsburg in the Federal State of Bavaria, West Germany (dietary survey in 1994/95).

Subjects: Comparable samples of 185 Erfurt vs 331 Augsburg men, aged 45-64 y.

Measures: Data on food and nutrient intakes and percentage of users of foods are derived from 3 d weighed records from Erfurt and three matching days of 7 d weighed records from Augsburg.

Results: Nutrient intakes show the pattern of a typical Western diet in both samples with 15.2 en% from protein, 39.5 en% from fat, 38.8 en% from carbohydrates and 6.2 en% from alcohol in Erfurt. Corresponding figures for Augsburg are 16.4 en%, 37.9 en%, 39.0 en% and 6.5 en%. Intake of animal protein, cholesterol, water and selected micronutrients is distinctly higher in Augsburg.

Conclusions: Dietary differences still exist, but the pattern of difference has changed. It is unclear, whether differences between East and West exceed regional differences in the West.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking
  • Beverages
  • Diet Surveys
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
  • Energy Intake
  • Germany
  • Germany, East
  • Germany, West
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Micronutrients
  • Middle Aged
  • Plants, Edible


  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Micronutrients