A neuronal C5a receptor and an associated apoptotic signal transduction pathway

J Physiol. 1998 Mar 15;507 ( Pt 3)(Pt 3):679-87. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7793.1998.679bs.x.


1. We report the first experimental evidence of a neuronal C5a receptor (nC5aR) in human cells of neuronal origin. Expression of nC5aR mRNA was demonstrated by the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in TGW human neuroblastoma cells. 2. Expression of a functional C5aR was supported by the finding that C5a evoked a transient increase in the intracellular calcium level as measured by flow cytometry (FACS). 3. To analyse the function of the nC5aR, an antisense peptide fragment of the C5aR was used. Previous data showed that a C5aR fragment (a peptide termed PR226) has C5aR agonist and antagonist effects in U-937 cells depending on the concentration of the peptide. We found that a multiple antigenic peptide (MAP) form of the same peptide (termed PR226-MAP) induced rapid elevation of nuclear c-fos immunoreactivity and resulted in DNA fragmentation, a characteristic sign of apoptosis, in TGW cells. 4. Early electrophysiological events characteristic of apoptosis were also detected: intermittent calcium current pulses were recorded within 1-2 min of peptide administration. C5a pretreatment delayed the onset of this calcium influx. 5. We also demonstrated that the apoptotic pathway is linked to nC5aR via pertussis toxin-sensitive G-proteins. 6. Although the function of C5a and its receptor on neurons is unknown, these results suggest that an abnormal activation of this signal transduction pathway can result in apoptosis and, subsequently, in neurodegeneration.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, CD / biosynthesis
  • Antigens, CD / physiology*
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Complement C5a / pharmacology*
  • DNA Fragmentation
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • L Cells
  • Membrane Potentials / drug effects
  • Membrane Potentials / physiology
  • Mice
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Neurons / cytology
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense / pharmacology
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology
  • Peptides / pharmacology
  • Pertussis Toxin
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos / biosynthesis
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • Receptor, Anaphylatoxin C5a
  • Receptors, Complement / biosynthesis
  • Receptors, Complement / physiology*
  • Recombinant Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella / pharmacology


  • Antigens, CD
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Peptides
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptor, Anaphylatoxin C5a
  • Receptors, Complement
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella
  • Complement C5a
  • Pertussis Toxin
  • GTP-Binding Proteins
  • Calcium