Dental and oral hygiene student's knowledge of HIV infection and AIDS

J Dent Assoc S Afr. 1994 Apr;49(4):161-7.


A survey was conducted to assess the knowledge of 30 oral hygiene (OH I & II) and 79 dental students (BCHD III & VI) on HIV infection and AIDS. A questionnaire consisting of twenty-nine questions based on the 'agree-disagree' format was prepared for this study. Clinical slides were projected to assess students' ability to identify oral manifestations of HIV infection. Most students agreed that HIV-sero-positive people were entitled to the same dignity and respect as those who were suffering from other illnesses. Students were concerned about treating sero-positive patients. They would preferably receive training in the management of these patients in a controlled environment. They had a poor perception of the risk of infection following needle-stick injury and whether HIV could be transmitted through contact with saliva. Most students felt that they had insufficient lectures on HIV/AIDS and had practically no clinical exposure to HIV-sero-positive patients.

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome* / diagnosis
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome* / therapy
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome* / transmission
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Clinical Competence* / statistics & numerical data
  • Dental Care for Chronically Ill
  • Dental Hygienists / education
  • Dental Hygienists / psychology*
  • Dental Hygienists / statistics & numerical data
  • HIV Infections* / diagnosis
  • HIV Infections* / therapy
  • HIV Infections* / transmission
  • Humans
  • Infection Control, Dental
  • South Africa
  • Students, Dental / psychology*
  • Students, Dental / statistics & numerical data
  • Students, Health Occupations / psychology*
  • Students, Health Occupations / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires